Katagami stencils have been used in a variety of katazome (stencil dyed) textile techniques for dyeing kimono, yukata, futon cover fabrics etc. The stencils are made from layers of kozo mulberry paper laminated with unripe persimmon tannin and smoked. The combination of the tannin and smoke produces a durable and nearly waterproof stencil that can be used hundreds of time. The stencils are finely cut by hand with chisels. Very open designs will have a fine silk netting placed between the layers of peper for stability.